What this means is the patient has all the accurate information, they are in a stable and competent mindset to make the decision, and that they are voluntarily making the decision.
Such conflicts in approach are commonly encountered in the current health care systems.
From a deontological perspective, utilitarians generalize the guidelines or rules while there may be exceptional cases where the guideline may not apply. Article 10 Nurses should use available resources sensibly, by optimising their allocation and making reasonable choices.
Your partnership is essential. Article 20 Nurses listen to, inform, and involve patients and together they assess their healthcare needs, in order to provide the proper level of care and help patients make their own choices. When gathering, handling and reporting data on patients, nurses limit themselves only to what is relevant to the nursing process.
They are based on four fundamental principles, i. For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things. It is important for Nurses to understand the definition of each of these, as well as how to apply them, and how it benefits the patient.
For example, utilitarianism can be used to justify punishing an innocent man or enslaving a small group of people if such acts produce a maximization of consequences.
Rather, at best, consequences help us determine which action is more in keeping with what is already our duty. Space does not allow for a detailed critique of utilitarianism here. In the event of a disaster, nurses put themselves at the disposal of the competent authorities.
This theory is in place to protect those less fortunate people and is essential to all of society to keep the balance and fairness when it comes to healthcare. Although these approaches contradict each other, each of them has their own substantiating advantages and disadvantages in medical practice.
Rather, at best, consequences help us determine which action is more in keeping with what is already our duty. For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics.
Article 17 Nurses, in their professional practice refuse any conditioning, pressure or interest deriving from the patient, the family, other health workers, companies, associations or organizations. Virtue theorists also emphasize the need for people to learn how to break bad habits of character, such as greed or anger.
As we will see in Part Two, this notion is very difficult to justify if one abandons the theological doctrine of man being made in the image of God. Deontology is sometimes best understood when you try to compare it to another social theory. Are you familiar with utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism is a branch of consequentialism. Deontology Vs Utilitarianism In Nursing. Nathan Whittingham Professor Mariana Philosophy 11 December Deontology Deontology is an ethical theory whose name is derived from the Greek word “deon,” meaning duty or obligation.
Most ethical theories are concerned with what is right or good, and they often attempt to find this by. principles and foundations or nursing ethics, ethical theories, decision-making and ethical dilemmas.
Deontology in the Nursing Undergraduations. Braga. Faculdade de Filosofia. UCP. The thesis was oriented by one of the authors of this article. 5Cf CJOENF. In bibliographic references. Jan 05, · In contrast to the utilitarian concept, deontology is ethics of duty where the morality of an action depends on the nature of the action, i.e., harm is unacceptable irrespective of its consequences.
This concept was introduced by a philosopher, Immanuel Kant and hence widely referred as.
In contrast with deontology, there is utilitarianism, which is a consequentialist theory. Utilitarianists consider consequences to be an important indicator of the moral value of one’s actions (Rich, ). What is the importance of deontology in nursing? Update Cancel.
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